The Department of Electronic Communications is the responsible authority for the implementation of the Directive 1999/5/EC as far as radioequipment is concerned and the Office of the Commissionaire for Electronic Communications and Postal Regulation for the telecommunication terminal equipment.
Radioequipment refers to the apparatus that is capable for communication through either the transmittion or reception of radio waves in the band 9 KHz to 3000 GHz for satellite/terrestrial radiocommunications and it is not telecommunication terminal equipment. Telecommunication terminal equipment refers to the apparatus that allows the communication when it is connected either directly or indirectly with a public electronic communication network.
The R&TTE directive contains essential requirements which must be met before a product within the scope of the directive may be placed on the market and taken into service. It is intended to promote the free movement of goods throughout the European Union by the removal of technical barriers to trade. Compliance with the R&TTE directive provides a presumption of conformity. This means that a Member State must presume that the product is compliant with the requirements (if the manufacturer has made a declaration to that effect) unless it has evidence to the contrary. It may not remove a product from the market unless non-conformity can be demonstrated. The R&TTE directive applies in the European Economic Area (EEA) which consists of the Member States of the European Union, plus Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway. In Cyprus the legislative framework addressing the R&TTE directive is Part 4 of the Radiocommunications Law of 2002 until (No.2) 2004 (L.146(Ι) 2002, L.15(Ι)/2003, L.16(Ι)/2004 και L.180(Ι)2004) and the Radiocommunications (Radioequipment) Regulations of 2003 until 2004 (Κ.Δ.Π. 78/2003 και Κ.Δ.Π. 461/2004) as far as radioequipment is concerned and Part 12 of the Electronic Communications and Postal Regulation Law (Ν.112(Ι)2004) and the Telecommunications Terminal Equipment (Telecommunications) Regulations of 2003 (Κ.Δ.Π. 332/2003) as far as telecommunications terminal equipment is concerned.
The essential requirements for all apparatus are as follows:
- the protection of the health and safety of the user and any other person, including the objectives with respect to the safety requirements contained in Directive 73/23/EEC (the Low Voltage Directive) but with no voltage limit applying
- the protection requirements with respect to electromagnetic compatibility contained in Directive 89/336/EEC (the EMC Directive)
Manufacturers of mobile phones, other portable wireless devices and base stations should take into account the latest thinking on public health, including Recommendation 1999/519/EC of the Council and European Parliament. In addition to the above, radio equipment shall be so constructed that it effectively uses the spectrum allocated to terrestrial/satellite radio communication and orbital resources, so as to avoid harmful interference. This aspect covers such parameters as effective radiated power of the fundamental, frequency error, emission bandwidth, adjacent channel power, frequency stability and spurious emissions.